British Fiction, 18001829

WILKINS, George ?and SHEPHERD William. Body and Soul (1822)

Publishing Papers

Correspondence, Journals, and Memoirs:

Letter from Longman & Co to the Revd Dr George Wilkins.
12 Apr 1822.
We return the MS of Body & Soul agreeably to your request. We have no objection to publish the work on the plan of dividing the profits as we do your other works; & it shall be put to press whenever you let us have the copy.
Source: Longman Archives, Longman I, 101, no. 280B.

Letter from Longman & Co to the Revd Dr George Wilkins.
13 June 1823.
We beg to acknowledge the receipt of your letter with a proposition for the Copyright of ‘Body & Soul’; and we regret that the terms are not such as we can accede to. // In compliance with your wishes we inclose a Bank Post Bill for £100— on account, which you will please to acknowledge. // The trade price 6/– in quires for a book that is retailed for 9/– in boards is regular, & we & the trade generally feel it the interest of a work to make that allowance.
Source: Longman Archives, Longman I, 101, no. 370.

Letter from Longman & Co to the Revd Dr George Wilkins.
11 Aug 1823.
[written above salutation] 134 Vol: 1—
266 Vol: 2—
[letter proper] We are willing to publish the [deleted: work] new edition of Body & Soul on the terms which were suggested by Mr Orme to Mr Shepherd & agreed to by your letter of the 9th—namely to pay you down half the profits on publication, by a note at 6 months. As the price of the Work has been much complained of, we propose printing the new edition as economically as we can & charge it 16/– in boards—it will, therefore, be necessary to clear the market of the present edition by advertising it immediately & you will oblige us by casting your eye over the various critiques & selling [i.e. selecting] the [deleted: best] most favourable passages for our advertisement, which you will please to do at your earliest convenience. From the present state of stock it will be necessary to go to Press with a new edition. You will therefore please to send us the corrected copy as soon as possible.
Source: Longman Archives, Longman I, 101, no. 396E (draft).
Notes: Letter is addressed to Wilkins at Nottingham. All material in square brackets in the letter proper is given as it appears in the typed transcript of the letter in the Longman Archives. Mr Shepherd probably refers to the Revd William Shepherd, Rector of Margaret Roding (Essex), and the author of Liturgical Considerations (1824). He is almost certainly a co-author (with George Wilkins) of Body and Soul, and the sole author of The Village Pastor (EN2 1825: 88). See also letter of 31 Jan 1824 to Shepherd, given below.

Letter from Longman & Co to the Revd Dr George Wilkins.
24 Aug 1823.
Agreeably to your request we have made out on the other side a statement of the present edition of Body & Soul, accounting for all the First Volumes as sold, which, we have no doubt will be the case before the new edition is ready—There are 80 copies on hand—The 223 copies of the Second Volume will be accounted for when sold. // We propose printing 1000 Copies of the new edition & as nearly as we can calculate your share of the profits will be from about £125. 0. 0 to £130. 0. 0. // We shall be happy to hear from you on the subject of your new work when it suits your convenience. [postscript] The Bill for £50 shall be accepted when presented.
Source: Longman Archives, Longman I, 101, no. 398F (draft).
Notes: Letter is addressed to Wilkins at Nottingham.

Letter from Longman & Co to the Revd Dr George Wilkins.
1 Sept 1823.
Your letter of the 28th reached us on Saturday [deleted: in which you] stating that you would prefer printing 1500 Copies of the third edition of Body & Soul [deleted: to a 1000] on us allowing you £200 on publication by a Dft at Six Months to which we agree & we have given the Printer orders to through [sic] off that number. // The sum expended on adv[ertis]ing the [deleted: first] second edition &c— has answered the purpose & we propose expending at least a similar amount on the third [deleted: edition &] also, to reduce the price to 16/– in boards being decidedly of opinion that it will add to the future success of the work // The [deleted: additional 250 copies of the Second Vol were printed the same size as the two volumes on a paper of which] whole of the present edition was printed on Medium so as to [deleted: match] range in point of size with the first edition, 250 [deleted: extra were] being printed of the Second Vol. more than of the first printed of the Second Volume as stated in the account. The British Rev: was sent as you desired.
Source: Longman Archives, Longman I, 101, no. 399A (draft).
Notes: Letter is addressed to Wilkins at Nottingham. The ‘sic’ appears as given in the typed transcript of the letter in the Longman Archives. WSW II does not list a review of Body and Soul in the British Review.

Letter from Longman & Co to the Revd William Shepherd.
31 Jan 1824.
We will with pleasure publish your ‘Liturgical Consideration’ on the same terms as we did ‘Body & Soul’. […] As to the statement of Acct of the final settlement of ‘Body & Soul’, we must beg to refer you to Dr Wilkins, who was supplied with copies of all the accounts, & with whom all settlements were made.
Source: Longman Archives, Longman I, 101, no. 420.

Letter from Longman & Co to the Rev Dr George Wilkins.
12 Apr 1824.
We are favored with your letter & the MS of the two first Chapters of the ‘Two Rectors’ which shall immediately be put into the hands of Messrs Spottiswoode, to be printed like the last edition of Body & Soul, and we will with pleasure undertake the publication of the work agreeable to your proposition upon the plan of equal participation of profit. The printing shall proceed as fast as you can furnish the copy. [postscript] We shall feel obliged by the other corrections for Body & Soul & the printers are proceeding rapidly.
Source: Longman Archives, Longman I, 101, no. 440.
Notes: Longman & Co also published The Two Rectors (EN2 1824: 97). Andrew and Robert Spottiswoode were a firm of London printers.

Letter from Longman & Co to the Revd William Shepherd.
17 Feb 1825.
We have received a letter from Dr Wilkins, in which he consents to the insertion of ‘by one of the authors of Body & Soul’ in the title of the ‘Village Pastor’. // The expence of advertising such small volumes being so great a proportion to the other expences, the utmost terms we can propose you are, for an edition of 1250 copies, £50 immediately, & should the edition be sold off within twelve months after the publication £20 more. [postscript] Dr W. intends in the next edition of the ‘Two Rectors’ to say ‘by one of the authors of B & S & the V. P.’
Source: Longman Archives, Longman I, 101, no. 495A.

Ledger Entries:

Divide Ledger Entry, Longman & Co.
[Vol. 1, 1st edn].
June 1822. The impression consisted of 500 copies.
June–Dec 1822. Total outlay for vol. 1, 1st edn (paper, printing and misc. expenses): 89. 8. 7.
June 1822. To advertising: 25. 0. 0; to further advertising, Dec[?] 1822, 3. 10. 0.
June–Sept 1822. Copies sent to the following: 10 June, 18 copies extra bds to Sundries; 22 June, 1 copy to British Critic; 5 July, 1 copy to Literary Gazette; 22 July, 1 copy to each Monthly and Eclectic Reviews; 5 Sept, 1 copy to Quarterly Review.
[?Dec 1822]. By this date, 466 copies had been accounted for at the trade price of 0. 8. 0 each, for a total of 186. 8. 0.
[?Dec 1822]. Half profits to author, 34. 4. 9; half profits to Longman & Co, 34. 4. 8.
[Vol. 1, 2nd edn].
[Mar 1823]. The 2nd edn of vol. 1 consisted of 1000 copies.
Mar–Apr 1823. Total outlay for vol. 1, 2d edn (paper, printing and misc. expenses): 115. 11. 3.
Mar 1823. To advertising for vol. 1, 2nd edn: 30. 0. 0.
11 Mar 1823. 3 copies of vol. 1 in fine[?] q[uires?] sent to author.
19 Mar 1823. 1 copy bds sent to the Revd Mr Shepherd.
[Mar? or Apr? 1823]. By this date, 994 copies had been sold as follows: 175 as 170, sold at a Coffee House Sale for a total of 51. 0. 0; 50 sold as 48, sub[scribe]d for a total of 14. 8. 0; 769 at 0. 6. 0 each, for a total of 230. 14. 0 [total mistakenly given as 230. 12. 0].
Total sum from the sale of the 994 copies of vol. 1, 2nd edn: 296. 0. 0 [this total is incorrect, but as it is used in the ledger it is retained here. The correct total is 296. 2. 0].
[Account carried forward to opposite page].
Source: Longman Divide Ledger 2D, p. 86.
Notes: Copies of vol. 1 in boards and extra boards were distributed to individuals and reviews at a cost of 0. 0. 7 each. No cost is given for copies in fine quires; the copy sent to Shepherd on 19 Mar cost 0. 0. 6. Commissions of 2½ per cent were deducted from the revenues from various Coffee House Sales. The Longman Impression Book shows that the printer of both edns of vol. 1 was Spottiswoode. See Longman Impression Book No. 7, fols 187 and 220v.

Divide Ledger Entry, Longman & Co.
[Account carried forward from opposite page].
[Vol. 2].
Apr 1823. The impression consisted of 1250 copies.
Apr–Aug 1823. Total outlay for vol. 2 (paper, printing and misc. expenses): 134. 7. 6.
Apr 1823. To advertising: 40. 0. 0.
Apr–Sept 1823. Copies sent to the following: 29 Apr, 1 copy bds to Literary Gazette; 29 Apr, 3 copies fine q[uires] sent to author and 4 copies bds to Sundries; 16 May, 1 copy to each Monthly, Eclectic, and Evangelical[?] Reviews; 28 May, 1 copy vol. 1 & 2 interleaved to author; 2 June, 1 copy 2 vols to the Duke of Athol; 8[?] July, 1 copy vol. 2 bds to Archdeacon Blomfield; 9 Sept, 1 copy 2 vols bds to Marg[aret] Hastings.
26 Aug 1823. By this date, 1002 copies of vol. 2 had been sold as follows: 464 as 452 sold at a Coffee House Sale for a total of 135. 12. 0; 538 sold for a total of 161. 8. 0.
Total sum from the sale of these 1002 copies: 297. 0. 0; the balance from the sales of vol. 1, 2d edn (296. 0. 0) was brought forward and added to this sum, for a total of 593. 0. 0.
26 Aug 1823. Half profits to author, 136. 10. 8; half profits to Longman & Co, 136. 10. 7.
[?Sept 1823]. By this date, the remaining 223 copies of vol. 2 had been sold, for a total of 66. 18. 0.
[?Sept 1823]. Half profits to author, 33. 9. 0; half profits to Longman & Co, 33. 9. 0.
Source: Longman Divide Ledger 2D, p. 86.
Notes: Unless stated otherwise, copies of vol. 2 were accounted for at the trade price of 0. 6. 0 each. Copies of vol. 2 in boards were distributed to reviews also at a cost of 0. 6. 0 each; copies were distributed to individuals, including the author, at a cost of 0. 1. 0 each, and the interleaved set at a cost of 0. 8. 6. A commission of 2½ per cent was deducted from the revenue from a Coffee House Sale. The ledger shows that on 30 Aug 1823, a copy of the British Review was sent to Archdeacon Blomfield. The Longman Impression Book shows that the printer of vol. 2 was Spottiswoode. See Longman Impression Book No. 7, fol. 229.

Impression Book Entry, Longman & Co.
Oct 1823.
The 3rd edn consisted of 1500 copies. The printer was Spottiswoode.
To advertising 75. 0. 0.
To authors [sic] for this edn: 200. 0. 0.
9 Oct 1823. 1 copy bds sent to Mr Shepherd.
3 Nov 1823. 5 copies in fine bds sent to Dr Wilkins.
Source: Longman Impression Book No. 8, fol. 2v.
Notes: The Impression Book also shows that 1 copy each was sent to Kings Col[lege] Aberdeen and the British Museum.

Impression Book Entry, Longman & Co.
[May or June 1824].
The 4th edn consisted of 2000 copies. The printer was Spottiswoode.
To advertising: 50. 0. 0.
10 July 1824. 1 copy bds sent to Dr. Wilkins.
7 July 1826. 1 copy bds sent to Mrs Burgess Stamford.
13 Mar 1827. 1 copy bds sent to R. W. Hay, Esq.
15 Nov 1827. 1 copy bds sent to Lord Gooderich.
Source: Longman Impression Book No. 8, fol. 33v.

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